Regular short-acting insulin (also called soluble insulin) is given as a bolus injection before meals.
Basal Insulin Analogues
Basal insulin analogues have effect over up to 24 hours.
Intermediate-acting insulin is used as basal (background) insulin when injecting twice daily and once or more daily in a multiple daily injection regimen.
Short-acting insulin given intravenously has an extremely rapid action with a half-life (length of time when half of the insulin is broken down) of only 3-5 minutes.
The new rapid-acting insulin analogues have a much more rapid action than regular short-acting insulin. You can inject them just before a meal and still get a good insulin effect at the time when the glucose from the food reaches the bloodstream. However, the insulin will have less effect after 2-3 hours, and the blood glucose may therefore rise before the next meal. Because of this, a basal insulin that takes effect during the day is usually given.
LifeScan.co.uk is published by LifeScan United Kingdom and Ireland. LifeScan is a division of Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, registered in England and Wales. Registration number: 2549777. Registered Office: 50-100 Holmers Farm Way, High Wycombe, Bucks, HP12 4DP, which is solely responsible for its contents, unless otherwise noted. This site is only intended for customers in the UK and Ireland.